Ancient Romans were keen on smart footwear. I’d happily wear these shoes today in fact they’re very like a pair that I already have.
Others were more enclosed, having only holes for the laces. Some very dainty women’s and children’s shoes still had thick nailed soles.
Some early shoes had pointed calcei repandi (upward curving toes), and were both laced and strapped into place. Later shoes had rounded toes.
Some shoes had a 1- or 2-piece upper of soft leather which enclosed the foot like a modern shoe. The edges were nailed between the sole layers.
The generic calceus was made of soft leather, completely covered the foot and was fastened in front with thongs. The calceus had a hobnailed sole as well.
These shoes are from the Antonine Wall.